The Conflict Between Nestorians (Assyrians) and Chaldeans in the Foundation of Iraq

  • Yaşar KAPLAN Akademîsyen, Zanîngeha Hakkari, Fakulteya Îlahiyatê, Beşa Dîroka Ayînan
Keywords: Chaldeans, Nestorians, Assyrians, Christians, Iraq

Abstract

Christians constitute an important component of Iraqi society. Iraqi Christians have been settled in Mesopotamia since ancient times. Christians have historical, political, cultural and social relations with both the Iraqi people and the people of Kurdistan. This community played an important role in the establishment and in the early period political administration of the Iraqi Republic. As it is known, the Christian community in Iraq and Kurdistan; It consists of two churches with different ideas, namely the Assyrian Church of the East and the Chaldean Catholic Church. During the Ottoman period, the Chaldean Church was residing in Mosul Province and the Assyrian Church of the East in Hakkari Sanjak of Van Province. While the Chaldean Church was under the influence of the French State, the Assyrian Church of the East was under the influence of the British State. From the middle of the 19th century, a noticeable competition started between both churches and communities, and powerful states were included in this competition in accordance with their policies. In this study, the relationship and competition between these two churches and communities at the dawn of the establishment of the Iraqi State will be discussed. In addition, the root of the ongoing problems among Christian components after the establishment of the Iraqi Republic will be pointed out. In this study, more Ottoman archive documents will be used.

Author Biography

Yaşar KAPLAN, Akademîsyen, Zanîngeha Hakkari, Fakulteya Îlahiyatê, Beşa Dîroka Ayînan

Akademîsyen, Zanîngeha Hakkari, Fakulteya Îlahiyatê, Beşa Dîroka Ayînan

References

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Başbakanlık Osmanlı Arşivi (BOA)
Bab-ı Ali Evrak Odası Evrakı (BEO)
Dahiliye Nezareti İdare Evrakı (DH.İD)
Dahiliye Nezareti Mektubi Kalemi (DH.MKT)
Dahiliye Nezareti Şifre Evrakı (DH.ŞFR)
Sadaret Mektubi Mühimme Kalemi Evrak (A.MKT.MHM)
Dahiliye Nezareti Emniyet-i Umumiye İkinci Şube (DH.EUM. 2. ŞB)
Dahiliye Nezareti Mütenevvia Evrak (DH.MTV)
Dahiliye Nezareti Sicill-i Nüfus Tahrirat Kalemi (DH.SN.THR)
Dahiliye Nezâreti Tesrî-i Muamelât (DH.TMİK.M)
Hariciye Nezareti Siyasi (HR.SYS)
İrade Hususi (İ.HUS)
Yıldız Sadaret Hususi Maruzat Evrakı (Y.A.HUS)
Yıldız Mütenevvi Maruzat Evrakı (Y.MTV)
Yıldız Perakende Evrakı Umumi (Y.PRK.UM)

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Published
2021-12-29
How to Cite
KAPLAN, Y. (2021). The Conflict Between Nestorians (Assyrians) and Chaldeans in the Foundation of Iraq. Humanities Journal of University of Zakho, 9(4), 976-990. https://doi.org/10.26436/hjuoz.2021.9.4.766
Section
Humanities Journal of University of Zakho