Instructions for authors
The manuscript needs to be prepared electronically in a Word (.doc, .docx) and PDF formats. The format and instruction is shown below for each main section of the manuscript. Moreover, Author can download the instruction from the following links:
The manuscript should be original, high standard and should not have been published or submitted for publication in any other Journals. The text should include abstract, introduction, materials and methods, results, discussion and references. The text must not exceed 16 pages.
The content text must be Normal, 10 pt., Times New Roman, at least 12 lines spaced, and justified. Each paragraph should be spaced after 6 pt. The first line of the paragraphs should not be indented.
Footnotes should not be used.
The paper size should be A-4 size and page margins must be 2.5 cm top and bottom, 3 cm left and 2 cm right.
The page must be numbered at lower central margin of the page.
The paper title must be capitalized, bold, centered, 11 pt., and spaced after 18 pt. Main titles and abstract title should be capitalized 9 pt., aligned left, bold, spaced before 12 pt., and after 6 pt.. Principle subtitles must be written in 10 pt, bold, aligned left.
Author(s) and affiliations
The name(s) of the author(s) should be written only in the first page, capitalized, 8 pt, normal, centered, and spaced after 18 pt. Use superscript lowercase letters to indicate different affiliations, which should be as detailed as possible and must include department, faculty/college, University, city and country.
Should be indicated with an asterisk, and contact details (Tel., and e-mail address) should be placed in a footnote.
Abstract body should be 8 pt., bold, aligned left, and single spaced. The abstract must not exceed 300 words. (4-6) keywords must be provided at the end of abstract. The keywords title must be capitalized, 8 pt., aligned left, and Italic. The keywords should be written in 8 pt., Italic, and their initials should be capitalized. Paragraphs in the abstract should be spaced after 6.
Note: Abstract should be provided also in Kurdish and Arabic at the end of the paper.
Figures and Tables
Except tables, all the graphs, maps and photographs must be named as figures. Tables and Figures should be numbered consecutively by Arabic numerals. The tables and figures must not exceed the page margins and must be on one page. All Table outline border should be (1 ½ pt.), inside border should be (½ pt.); table details should be Arial font and written with 7 pt., the figure and table names must be written with 8 pt. style. Names must be written in the middle on top for the tables with space 4 after and for the diagrams/figures, underneath on the bottom with space 4 before and 12 after. If the figure and table names have to be more than one line, the line spacing should be single spaced, and the terms of “Figures” and “Tables” must be bold.
Bullets and Numbering
Bullets and numbers should be indented 1 cm from the left margin and hanging indent should be 0.5 cm. Each line of bullets and numbers should be single spaced.
References should be indicated in the typescript by giving the author's name, with the year of publication in parentheses, as detailed in the APA style guide. All lines after the first line of each entry in your reference list should be indented one cm from the left margin (hanging indentation). If several papers by the same author(s) and from the same year are cited, a, b, c, etc. should be put after the year of publication. The references should be listed in full at the end of the paper in standard APA format. For example:
Ritter, D. F., Kochel, R. C., and Miller, J. R. (2002). Process Geomorphology (4th ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill.
Massey, W. R., and Jameson, W. M., Jr. (2001). Organizational behavior and the new internet logic (3rd ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill.
For book chapters:
Smith, N. (1997). Challenges and choices facing social studies teachers. In R. Case & P. Clark (Eds.), The Canadian anthology of social studies (pp. 3-9). Burnaby, BC: Simon Fraser University Field Relations.
Harlow, H. F. (1983). Fundamentals for preparing psychology journal articles. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology, 55, 893-896.
Loughran, J., and Corrigan, D. (1995). Teaching portfolios: A strategy for developing learning and teaching in preservice education. Teaching and Teacher Education, 11, 565-577.
For conference proceedings:
Demirci, A., McAdams, M. A., Alagha, O., and Karakuyu, M. (2006). The relationship between land use change and water quality in Küçükçekmece Lake watershed. In A. Demirci, M. Karakuyu, and M. A. McAdams (Eds.). Proceedings of 4 th gis days in Türkiye (pp. 27-35). Đstanbul, 13-16 September.
Healey, M., Foote, K., and Hay, I. (2000). Developing the International Network for Learning and Teaching (INLT) Geography in Higher Education. In: International Geographical Union Commission on Geographical Education (Eds.). Geographical Education at the Cross-roads: Directions for the Next Millennium, Proceedings of the Kyongju Symposium (pp. 203-207), Korea.
Online Journals, e-Books and chapters within e-books:
To be cited as for conventional Journals, books and chapters within books.
For further information about APA reference style please visit
Research involving humans: Regarding experimental works that involve humans, the authors must follow the Declaration of Helsinki 1975. Approvals from local institutional ethical committee must be obtained before conducting the research work.
Research involving animals: Research that involve animals must adhere to the Code of Practise for the Housing and Care of Animals Used in Scientific Procedures. Furthermore, Approvals from local institutional committee is required for experimental research that involve animals. The editors are expected to check that the impact of the work is high in comparison to the pain, suffering and harm caused to the animals.
Research involving plants: Research involing plants must adhere to Convention on Biological Diversity.
Upon acceptance of the article, Author will receive an email where s/he can sign the Copyright Transfer Statement document and send it back by email to the journal. Once the step has been completed, the article will be processed (allocating Digital Object Identifier (DOI)) and Author will receive the proofs. Meanwhile, JUOZ makes manuscripts available online as soon as possible (in PDF format).
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License [CC BY-NC-SA 4.0] that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work, with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online.
The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.