The Effectiveness of Using Flipped Learning Strategy in The Academic Achievement by Eight Grade Basic Students in The Subject of Science and Developing Their Reflective Thinking

  • SOZAN SALEH AHMED Department of General Sciences, Education Department, Soran University, Kurdistan Region - Iraq.
  • SATTAR JABBAR HAJI Department of General Psychology, Fakelte Education, University of Zakho, Kurdistan Region - Iraq.
Keywords: Flipped Learning, Academic Achievement, Science Subjec, Basic Education Grade, Reflective Thinking


The research aims at investigating The Effectiveness of Using Flipped Learning Strategy in the Academic Achievements by Eight Grade Basic Students in the Subject of Science and Developing their Reflective Thinking. To reach the objectives of the study, two null hypotheses are constructed by the researcher. The population of the study was limited to the eight grade basic students of the academic year (2019-2020) at (Truska Basic School for Girls) which has been chosen intentionally. The researcher relied on the experimental design, with control and experimental group by adopting pre-test and post-test to the variable of Reflective Thinking, and post-test to the variable of Academic Achievement. Experimental group has been taught according to the Flipped Learning Strategy, while the control group according to the Traditional Teaching Method. The sample consists of (41) students, distributed between two groups; experimental group (21) students, (20) were control group. Equivalence between two groups are conducted in number of variables. The researcher has prepared two tools, the first one an academic achievement test to measure the academic achievement, which consists of (30) multiple choice question items extracting difficulty coefificient, discriminatory strength and effectiveness of wrong alternatives, second tool is Reflective Thinking scale which consist of (35) items distributed on five dimensions dimensions (Visual vision, Paralogisms revealing, Conclusion, Providing convincing explanation, Proposed solutions). The researcher has been confirmed the validity and reliability of these two tools. After completing the application of the tools, the data has been obtained with using statistical procedures, by using (T-test). Results are shown that using Flipped Learning Strategy in teaching Science subject has positive impact on increasing their academic achievement and developing their Reflective Thinking and using Traditional Teaching method did not show any developing in their Reflective Thinking. In the light of research results the researcher recommended important of using flipped learning strategy which described as a modern strategy, also procedures for some further future studies

Author Biographies

SOZAN SALEH AHMED, Department of General Sciences, Education Department, Soran University, Kurdistan Region - Iraq.

Department of General Sciences, Education Department, Soran University, Kurdistan Region - Iraq.

SATTAR JABBAR HAJI, Department of General Psychology, Fakelte Education, University of Zakho, Kurdistan Region - Iraq.

Department of General Psychology, Fakelte Education, University of Zakho, Kurdistan Region - Iraq.


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How to Cite
AHMED, S., & HAJI, S. (2020). The Effectiveness of Using Flipped Learning Strategy in The Academic Achievement by Eight Grade Basic Students in The Subject of Science and Developing Their Reflective Thinking. Humanities Journal of University of Zakho, 8(2), 311-331.
Humanities Journal of University of Zakho