Lifestyle and its Theoretical Paradigm (A theoretical Study)

  • Abdulah Khorsheed
  • Shahla W. Jabar
Keywords: Lifestyle, Social Class, Social Status, Consumtion, Social Identity

Abstract

The main issue of this research is those theoretical models which are explained by sociological theorogists for understanding and the how to use of lifestyle consept in a scientific aspect. A big part of researchers in the last two decades and from the nineties because of the researches they have seen that lifestyle concept has taken the place of social class concept.their main proof for this matter  is that (social classes) has less analytical ablity than lifestyle of individuals for behavior, value and prespectives. This does not mean the erase of social class concept, while it only questions the analytical ablity of social classes, because there is some kind of similarity between the individuals in the same social class, this way it would not be possible to get a true social picture. Therefore nowadays the result of the varied researches about lifestyle have been devided into two groups, one group have included that lifestyle concept can be used instead of social class concept, but the other group concluded that lifestyle concept is related to social class cocept and they can be used together for a better consumption for reading social reality. About the importance of this research, we can say that the present time is the time of various types of changes, time of a new form of life and changing production to consumtion, therefore we need new concepts continuously for reading society that should be reflections to those changes and bring new topics for researching in social sciences. The aim of this research is, how the socologists used this concept for reading behavior, the how to of social reality changes, then analyzing lifestyle concept in the frame of those theory models that are based on lifestyle. However, about the used concept in this research, (analitical theory is used). At the conclusion, the researcher has come to some results including: lifestyle concept, not as a field for researching the social class concept, but as an independent concept which is a sin of a new prespective on the social reality and the other phenomena like (Social classes, statuses, identity and giving social ID to the social groups) have come to into the social sciences. This concept has taken a big space in the social researches and has benefited the prosseces of separatingthe social groups and gaining social identity.  This concept has made new understanding about the changes that social classes and status are going through. Lifestyle concept compared to past, it has made the social sciences busy with it.

Author Biographies

Abdulah Khorsheed

به‌شی كۆمه‌ڵناسی، كۆلێژی ئاداب، زانكۆی سه‌ڵاحه‌ددین، هه‌رێما كوردستانێ – عێراق.

Shahla W. Jabar

به‌شی كۆمه‌ڵناسی، كۆلێژی ئاداب، زانكۆی سه‌ڵاحه‌ددین، هه‌رێما كوردستانێ – عێراق.

References

1- اباذري، يوسف و ضاوشيان، حسن(2002)، از طبقة اجتماعي تا سبك زندطي: رويكردهاي نوين در تحليل جامعةشناختي هويت اجتماعي، فصلنامة علوم اجتماعي، سال ثنجم، شمارة (20)، ص 3-27.
2- ذكايي، محمّد سعيد(2002)، خرده فرهنط، سبك زندطي و هويت، مجموعه رشد آموزش علوم اجتماعي ، شماره ، 21، 20-40
3- فاضلي، محمد(2003)، مصرف و سبك زندطي ، قم: صبح صادق، ضاث اوّل
4- مهدويكني، محمّد سعيد(2007)، مفهوم سبك زندطي و طستره آن در علوم اجتماعي، تحقيقات فرهنطي، سال اوّل، شماره 1.، 30-50
5- طرنفل، مايكل (1388)، مفاهيم كليدي ثييَر بوؤرديو، ترجمة، محمد مهدي لبيبي، تهران: شركت نشر نقد افكار.
6- انغليز، ديفد و هيوسون، جون (2013)مدخل الي سوسيولوجيا الثقافة، ترجمة: لما نصير، بيروت: المركز العربي للابحاث و دراسات السياسات.
7- Arslan, Z.E.R.R.İ.N., 2011. Urban Middle Class, Lifestyle and Taste in Keçiören and Çankaya, Ankara: Distinction through Home Furniture and, Furnishing and Decoration. Basılmamış doktora tezi). Orta Doğu Teknik Üniversitesi/Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü, Ankara.
8- Bourdieu, P. (1984). Distinction: A social critique of the judgement of taste. Harvard university press.
9- Bourdieu, P. (1998). Practical reason: On the theory of action. Stanford University Press.
10- Crompton, R., 1996. Consumption and class analysis. The Sociological Review, 44(S1), pp.113-132.
11- Galobardes, B., Costanza, M.C., Bernstein, M.S., Delhumeau, C. and Morabia, A., 2003. Trends in risk factors for lifestyle-related diseases by socioeconomic position in Geneva, Switzerland, 1993–2000: health inequalities persist. American journal of public health, 93(8), pp.1302-1309.
12- Gibbins, J.R. and Reimer, B., 1999. The politics of postmodernity: An introduction to contemporary politics and culture. Sage.
13- Giddens, A. (1991). Modernity and self-identity: Self and society in the late modern age. Stanford university press.
14- Giddens, A., 1991. Modernity and self-identity: Self and society in the late modern age. Stanford university press.
15- Holt, D.B. and Searls, K., 1994. The impact of modernity on consumption: Simmel's Philosophy of Money. ACR North American Advances
16- Jensen, M., 2009. Lifestyle: suggesting mechanisms and a definition from a cognitive science perspective. Environment, development and sustainability, 11(1), pp.215-228.
17- Mohammadpur, A. and Mahmoodi, K. (2016). Lifestyle and identity in contemporary Iranian Kurdistan (a grounded study of Marivan City). Quality & Quantity, 50(5), pp.1907-1928.
18- Pisman, A., Allaert, G. and Lombaerde, P., 2011. Urban and suburban lifestyles and residential preferences in a highly urbanized society. Experiences from a case study in Ghent (Flanders, Belgium). Belgeo. Revue belge de géographie, (1-2), pp.89-104.

19- Rössel, J., 2007. Conditions for the explanatory power of life styles. European Sociological Review, 24(2), pp.231-241.
20- Savage, M., Devine, F., Cunningham, N., Taylor, M., Li, Y., Hjellbrekke, J., Le Roux, B., Friedman, S. and Miles, A., 2013. A new model of social class? Findings from the BBCs Great British Class Survey experiment. Sociology, 47(2), pp.219-250.
21- Simmel, G., 1957. Fashion. American journal of sociology, 62(6), pp.541-558.
22- Simmel, G., 2012. The metropolis and mental life. In The urban sociology reader (pp. 37-45). Routledge.
23- Swartz, D., 2012. Culture and power: The sociology of Pierre Bourdieu. University of Chicago Press.
24- Tolonen, T., 2013. Youth cultures, lifestyles and social class in Finnish contexts. Young, 21(1), pp.55-75.
25- Tolonen, T., 2013. Youth cultures, lifestyles and social class in Finnish contexts. Young, 21(1), pp.55-75.
26- Tomlinson, M., 2003. Lifestyle and social class. European Sociological Review, 19(1), pp.97-111.
27- Trigg, A.B., 2001. Veblen, Bourdieu, and conspicuous consumption. Journal of economic issues, 35(1), pp.99-115.
28- Veblen, T.(2007). Theory of the Leisure Class (Oxford world's classics). Transaction Publishers.
29- Wacquant, L., 1991. Making class: the middle class (es) in social theory and social structure. Bringing class back in: Contemporary and historical perspectives, pp.39-64.
30- Weber, M., 1978. Economy and society: An outline of interpretive sociology (Vol. 1). Univ of California Press.
Published
2019-09-30
How to Cite
Khorsheed, A., & Jabar, S. (2019). Lifestyle and its Theoretical Paradigm (A theoretical Study). Humanities Journal of University of Zakho, 7(3), 309-326. https://doi.org/10.26436/hjuoz.2019.7.3.518
Section
Humanities Journal of University of Zakho