Caste and Gender in Arundhati Roy`s The God of Small Things

  • Bayar Mohammed Saeed General Directorate of Education_ Duhok _ Kurdistan Region Iraq.
Keywords: Caste System, Gender Discrimination, Male Chauvinism, Transgression of Love Laws and incest

Abstract

In this study, I focus primarily on gender and caste issues and their effects on the agonized inner mind of the repressed female and child characters in the novel The God of Small Things (1997) by Arundhati Roy. In this novel, Indian woman novelist Arundhati Roy focused primarily on the existential psychological predicaments and travails in the lives of the subjugated Indian women who were imperiled by the psychological and physical abuse in a male-dominated society ruled by rigid social and religious conventions and constraints. In other words, Roy sought to appraise the aberrant psychology of men and women in the conventional Indian social climate. She focused on the traumatic experiences of her women characters under the impact of social class and gender discrimination. She employed Freud's psychoanalytic theory to reveal the disturbed psyche of her women characters. The methodology of this study concerns two major directions: close-text analysis and cultural studies. It deals with sociological and psychological problems, which analyze and expose the symbolism of man’s behavior particularized in a patriarchal society.

Author Biography

Bayar Mohammed Saeed , General Directorate of Education_ Duhok _ Kurdistan Region Iraq.

General Directorate of Education_ Duhok _ Kurdistan Region Iraq.

References

Arundhati Roy. The God of Small Things. New Delhi: India Ink Publishing Co., 1997.

Caijan, M. B. "Dalit in The God of Small Things". In New Lights on Indian Women Novelists in English. Part 2 edited by Amar Nath Prasad. New Delhi: Sarup & Sons. 2004, 212-19.

Gaur, Dr. K.K. "The symbolism of the Heart of Darkness in The God of Small Things". In New Lights on Indian Women Novelists in English, Part 2 edited by Amar Nath Prasad. New Delhi: Sarup & Sons, 2004. 195-202

Harriman. Philip L. Modern Psychology. New Jersey, little filed: Adams & Co, 1958.

Mary S. Alphonsa and Peruvalluthi, V. "Oppression of women in Arundathi Roy`s The God of Small Things". Volume – 2; Issue - 5 ; Year – 2015 ; 7 57 – 7 59.

Mathur. Prof. O. P. "Arundhati`s Paradoxical Celebration of Smallness". In New Lights on Indian Women Novelists in English, Part 3 edited by Amar Nath Prasad. New Delhi: Sarup & Sons, 2005. 121-27.

Katri, Chhote Lal. "Arundhati Roy`s The God of Small Things". In Narrative discourse and Linguistic Experiment. Indian English Literature, Volumul 7 edited de Basavaraj S. Naikar. New Delhi: Nice Printing Press, 2003.288-301.

Prasad, Amar Nath. "Arundhati Roy: A Novelist of the Dalit and Deserted". In New Lights on Indian Women Novelists in English. Volume 1 edited by Amar Nath Prasad. Prasad New Delhi: Sarup & Sons, 2003. 162-82

_______. "Style and Structure of The God of Small Things". In New Lights on Indian Women Novelists in English. Part 2 edited by Amar Nath Prasad. New Delhi: Sarup & Sons, 2004. 160-95
_______. Arudhati Roy`s The God of Small Things. Acritical Appraisal. New Delhi: Sarup & Sons. 2004, 257

Ramphal, S.S. "Rekindling Nehru`s Internationalism". Eleventh Lecture, November, Cambridge Trust, UK. 1985,25.

Simon de Beauvior. The Second Sex, London: Four Square Books, 1961, 352

Surendran, K. V. The God of Small Things: A Saga of Lost Dreams. New Delhi: Nice Printing Press:2000.

Trandon Neeru and Kapoor Nidi. "Domestic Violence in Alice Walker`s The Third Life of Grange Copeland". In Feminine Psych a Post-Modern Critique. New Delhi: Atlantic Publisher& Distributer, 2008.174-83

Vishnu, Ashwinin Kumar. "The God of Small Things. A Note on Roy`s Sociological Imagination". In New Lights on Indian Women Novelists in English. Part 2 edited by Amar Nath Prasad. New Delhi: Sarup & Sons, 2004.203-12
________. "Anita Desai`s Fire on the Mountain: A View". In Writing the Female: Akademi Awarded Novels in English Mithilesh K. Pandey. New Delhi: Sarub & Sons. 2004. 65-74
Published
2021-12-30
How to Cite
Saeed , B. (2021). Caste and Gender in Arundhati Roy`s The God of Small Things. Humanities Journal of University of Zakho, 9(4), 1011-1019. https://doi.org/10.26436/hjuoz.2021.9.4.769
Section
Humanities Journal of University of Zakho