The Functions of the Demonstrative Pronouns in the Sentences in the Kurdish- Badini Local Dialect

  • dilbreen abdullah ali Department of Kurdish Language, Faculty of Humanities, University of Zakho, Kurdistan Region - Iraq.
Keywords: This, These, That, Those, Subject, direct object, indirect object, the complement of the verb, demonstrative pronouns

Abstract

The study shows the functions of the demonstrative pronouns in the Kurdish sentences which are used in the Bahdini local dialect. The aim of using the demonstrative pronouns is to refer to people or things without mentioning their names. Those pronouns are used with the help of specific parts of the body such as; fingers, hands, eyebrows, etc.When we use or move a part of our body to refer to a person or a thing, the demonstrative pronouns can be easily identified. They are mainly used to refer to something which is either near or far from us. The research has a theoretical part and a practical part. In the theoretical part, except for the demonstrative pronouns, grammarians used different terms to refer to demonstrative pronouns, after that, they had been defined by grammarians. Besides, in this part, the demonstrative pronouns are being precisely shown in the sentences of the Kurdish Bahdini local dialect. By contrast, the practical part of the study presentsthe fundamental functions of the demonstrative pronouns in the sentences, these functions are; subject, direct object, indirect object and the complement of the verb. Finally, the research concludes that demonstrative pronouns can have various functions.

References

ب زمانێ كوردى:

ئامێدى، صادق بهاْ الدین. (1987) . ڕێزمانا كوردى - كرمانجى یا ژورى و ژێرى یا هه‌ڤبه‌ركرى. دار الشۆون الپقافیه‌ العامه‌، به‌غدا.

ئه‌مین، نورى عه‌لى. (1960) . رێزمانى كوردى. چاپخانه‌ى كامه‌ران. سلێمانى.

حسن، عبدالستار فتاح. (1999) . رێزمانى كوردى. چاپخانه‌ى خه‌بات. دهوك.

خورشید، غازى عه‌لى. (2013) . رێزمانا فه‌رمى. چاپخانه‌ى سه‌رده‌م. سلێمانى.

خۆشناو، نه‌ریمان عه‌بدوڵڵا. (2011) . ڕێزمانى كوردى. چاپى سێیه‌م. چاپخانه‌ى ڕۆژهه‌ڵات. هه‌ولێر.

عه‌لى، شێرزاد سه‌برى، و مونیب، ئاراز. (2016) . وشه‌سازى. ده‌زگه‌هێ نالبه‌ند. دهۆك.

قادر، عادل ره‌شید. (2001) . توخم له‌ زمانى كوردیدا. نامه‌ى ماسته‌ر. كۆلێجى زمان. زانكۆى سلێمانى.

كورد، ره‌شید. (2008) . ڕێزمانا زمانێ كورمانجى. ڤه‌گوهازتن ژ ئه‌لفابێیا لاتینى (ئیسماعیل تاها شاهین). چاپخانا خانى. دهۆك.

كوردویێڤ، ك.ك. (1982). ڕێزمانى كوردى (به‌ كه‌ره‌سته‌ى دیالێكتى كومانجى و سۆرانى)). وه‌رگێڕانى: د.كوردستان موكریانى، مگبعه‌ الأدیب البغدادیه‌، به‌غدا.

موكریانى، كوردستان. (1986) . سینتاكسى رسته‌ى ساده‌ له‌ زمانى كوردى دا. دار الحریه‌ للگباعه‌. به‌غدا.

BARAN, Bahoz .(2012). Rȇzimana Kurmancȋ. Belki Basın Yayın Dağıtımı. Diyarbakır.

TAŞ,Çetȋn (2013) WANEYȆN RȆZİMAN Û RASTNİVÎSA KURMANCÎ. çapa duyemȋn. Berdan Matbaası. Topkapı. İstanbul.

AKTUĞ,Halil. (2013). Gramera Kurdȋ. Berdan Matbaası. Topkapı. İstanbul.

CIWAN ,Mȗrad. (2014). Rȇzmana Kurdȋ bi şirovekirna Tirkȋ. Zekisan. Matbaa.

Yenişehir. Diyarbakır.

ب زمانێ توركى:

UYGUR, Ceyhun Vedat ve diğerleri. (2008). Üniversiteler için TÜRK DİLİ YAZILI VE

SÖZLÜ ANLATIM. Berdan Matbaacılık. Topkapı. İstanbul.

YILDIRIM, Kadri . (2012). KÜRTÇE DİLBİLGİSİ. 2.Baskı, Berdan Matbaacılık,

Davupaşa cad. . Topkapı. İstanbul.

GENCAN, Tahir Nejat .(2013). DİLBİLGİSİ. Özkan Matbaacılık Gazetecilik san. Ve Tic

Ltd Şti. Kızılay. Ankara.

DEMİR ,Tufan .(2013). TÜRKÇE DİLBİLGİSİ. 3.Baskı. Kurmay Yayın Dağıtımı. Kızılay.

Ankara.

Published
2018-09-30
How to Cite
ali, dilbreen. (2018). The Functions of the Demonstrative Pronouns in the Sentences in the Kurdish- Badini Local Dialect. Humanities Journal of University of Zakho, 6(3), 649-655. https://doi.org/10.26436/2018.6.3.413
Section
Humanities Journal of University of Zakho